/The variety of wildlife in Venezuela
Wildlife of Venezuela

The variety of wildlife in Venezuela

Venezuela is a country blessed by the Creator, therefore it has the privilege of having a very diverse fauna. In this installment we will focus on addressing everything related to the variety of wildlife in Venezuela.

Venezuela is one of the countries with the greatest variety of animals, including mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, among others. Because this country has different ecosystems, it has a positive impact on the variety of wildlife in Venezuela.

The Venezuelan territory has a great diversity of landscapes including deserts, mountains, jungles, beaches. And in each of these ecosystems a large number of animals that live in that ideal environment are concentrated.

The diversity of vertebrates in Venezuela is about 2,120 terrestrial species and in continental aquatic species about 1,000 species.

 

As for birds, there is a diversity of bird species, including macaws, toucans, nightingales, turpiales (national bird), pavones, flamingos, and a variety of herons.

On the other hand, reptiles are numerous and species such as the Orinoco alligator and others can find five different species of turtles and snakes, such as anaconda, boa constrictor or rattlesnake.

Wide variety of unique wildlife animals of Venezuela

The wildlife of Venezuela consists of a great variety of unique animals. This means that about 23% of reptiles and 50% of the amphibian species that dwell in the country are endemic to Venezuela.

It should be noted that there are approximately 8,000 species being the fifth highest in the world

Also of endemic fauna, Venezuela has manatees, dolphins and crocodiles in the Black River and Orinoco.

This beautiful country has a total of 1420 bird species, 48 of which are endemic.

More than half of the Venezuelan bird and mammal species are found in the Amazonian forests south of the Orinoco. Venezuela is among the 17 most mega diverse countries in the world.

Mega diverse countries are a group of countries that host the highest biodiversity index in the entire planet.

Venezuela is among the 10 most biodiverse countries on the planet according to National Geographic. Without a doubt, this is one more reason to preserve the unique wildlife of Venezuela in perfect conditions.

Capybara - Wildlife of Venezuela
Capybara – Wildlife of Venezuela

The Sea and aquatic wildlife in Venezuela

In relation to the wildlife in Venezuela, specifically to the one that belongs to the area of beaches and seas, there is a great variety of animals that decorate these paradisiacal landscapes.

It is for this reason that in the Venezuelan coasts or surrounding areas bird diversity. You can see parakeets, doves, wild ducks and herons are abundant.

In addition, the presence of reptiles is very large, since it is easy to find a great diversity of sea and land turtles.

Birds - Wildlife of Venezuela
Birds – Wildlife of Venezuela

The Sea and aquatic fauna in Venezuela

In relation to the fauna in Venezuela, specifically to the one that belongs to the area of beaches and seas, there is a great variety of animals that decorate these paradisiacal landscapes.

It is for this reason that in the Venezuelan coasts or surrounding areas bird diversity. You can see parakeets, doves, wild ducks and herons are abundant.

In addition, the presence of reptiles is very large, since it is easy to find a great diversity of sea and land turtles.

Snakes also abound in these hot zones, among them are the rattlesnake, the coral, and the guayacán or “terciopelo”(velvet) whose scientific name is Bothrops asper.

Sea and aquatic fauna in Venezuela is characterized by the great variety of sardines and other fish. In addition there are other marketable products, such as tuna, zero mackerel, sergeant fish, Atlantic bigeye.

Also among the aquatic fauna of Venezuela there are Mollusks and Seafood such as crabs, clams, oysters, lobsters and others.

It should be noted that among the cetacean mammals that swim in Venezuelan waters are porpoises and dolphins always popular.

Without a doubt, the fauna in Venezuela is very varied in the sea areas …

Biodiversity in Wildlife of Venezuela
Biodiversity in Wildlife of Venezuela

Wildlife in Venezuela: In the jungle areas

Wildlife in Venezuela especially in the jungle areas there is a great diversity of species, this is because the ecosystem of the area is humid in some parts, and dry in others.

On the other hand it is the perfect environment for thousands of species which we will mention below:

  • The mountain bale, the gray deer, the deer, the spectacled bear, the sajino, the anteater, the ocelot, the pelón fox
  • The moor rabbit, the mottled chachalaca, the coral, and the liana snake, are just some of the species that inhabit the jungles.
Anteater - Wildlife of Venezuela
Anteater – Wildlife of Venezuela

Wildlife in Venezuela: In the plains region

Each region has a specific fauna due to other geographical aspects such as relief, climate, water. Undoubtedly these elements influence the types of animals that are located in the different regions of Venezuela.

That is why in the Venezuelan plains there are many animals that can be seen, especially in summer,

These meet in the summer to locate space where they get the vital liquid such as water.

Among the most characteristic species we can mention the following:

  • The capybara, the “spectacled bear”, the “Cuban tree frog”, the deer, the “spectacled caiman”, the collar peccary, the piranha, and the chigüire.
  • The pavón, the king buzzard, the gray heron, with the yellow head of the caracara, and the stork among others.

Venezuelan Andes and their native wildlife

One of the regions with a cooler climate is the Andes. In the highest peaks, El Cóndor and the Copete Eagle fly, both in danger of extinction.

While on the slopes are the cock of the snows, the blue hen and the leather hen, several Paujíes, Monte Pavas, ducks.

In addition the Guácharo is the only bird that is oriented in the darkness of the deepest caverns, similar to the bat. Magpies also live in this area.

Some of the other animals that inhabit the Andean region are:

  • The fox, the frontino bear, the Andean lapa, the porcupine, the shrew, puma, owls of the valley and mountainous areas, armadillo, heron of the lakes, iguana, ounce,
  • The cachicamo of the Andes, frogs, venaditos, foxes, rabbits of the moor, wild ducks, fish, like the natural trout of the region
  • In addition, another variety of imported trouts which are highly appreciated; Among the reptiles we have: the mantona coral, the fearsome mapanare, the butterfly tigra, among others

Wildlife of Venezuela – A jewel to know

The wildlife of Venezuela is extremely wide taking into account the different species of birds, mammals, reptiles among others.

Venezuela is a country worthy of admiring its attributes reflected in each of its regions, its flora, fauna, climate.

In addition the courtesy and kindness of its inhabitants make it ideal to know it.

Sources

https://gustavomirabalcastro.online/venezuela/la-variada-fauna-de-venezuela/

https://www.absolutviajes.com/la-fauna-de-venezuela/

 

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