Every May 1st the celebration of International Workers’ Day takes place, this more than a celebration is a call to vindicate the benefits and labor rights of workers.
This celebration has been held since 1889. Today he is 131 years old, i.e. one century, three decades and one year. International Workers’ Day is the quintessential festival of the labor movement across the globe.
In many countries this day is a public holiday, usually on that day mass gatherings of people are held. In many cases to demand wage improvements and other benefits.
May 1, 2020 will be the exception, as no concentration of people will be used due to coronavirus. However, technologies are the order of the day.
The role of social media is important, so it is quite possible that this May 1st will be a digital display case for people to express their feelings in relation to International Workers’ Day.
Right to work – International Workers’ Day
Without a doubt, this is a fundamental human right that governments must guarantee with all that this entails.
The right to work is the basis for the realization of other human rights. It is also the foundation for living a dignified life.
This represents the possibility of earning a living through freely chosen or accepted work.
In the increasing implementation of this fundamental right, States are obliged to ensure the availability of technical and professional guidance.
In addition to taking appropriate measures to create an enabling environment, employment opportunities exist.
States’ obligations on the right to work
The right to work is not only the right to work but the right to work under decent conditions. That is why states, in line with international treaties, must ensure the following circumstances:
- Ensure non-discrimination in relation to all aspects of the work.
- States are obliged to guarantee fair wages.
- A minimum wage that allows a dignified life for themselves and their families must be guaranteed.
- Working conditions must be safe, healthy and not degrading to human dignity.
- In addition important elements such as: reasonable working hours, adequate rest and leisure time. Also paid annual leave.
- Workers have the right to form and join a trade union of their choice, and trade unions have the right to form national or international groups.
- Workers have the right to strike, provided that it is carried out in accordance with national laws.
Today during the day working hours in almost all the world are eight hours. In this sense this is a triumph that has been achieved over the years. Previously, working hours were strenuous even 12 hours or more. In the past the worker was reduced to a machine, because leisure times, much less vacation, were not respected.
To achieve the number of hours that runs today was an arduous struggle that many people have undertaken in the past. To these people who fought for the working conditions we owe the utmost respect.
Today, the International Workers’ Day day has become a public holiday in many countries.
This International Workers’ Day is a special occasion to pay tribute to those workers who fought for better benefits.
However, International Workers’ Day is not celebrated in the U.S. on the first day of May. Workers’ Day is celebrated in the United States on the first Monday of September. That is because the events that led to the first of May occurred in the United States and did not end well. The situation is different today but remains unre held in the United States on the date.
Subsequently, on 4 May following a multi-day strike, a rally took place in Haymarket Square.
“That day an artifact exploded in the square, a policeman being killed. There were many detainees, of which five of them were sentenced to the gallows: three journalists, a typographer and a carpenter. They are known as the martyrs of Chicago.”
Undoubtedly, after this unfortunate event was marked a before and after in the history of the struggle of workers around the world.
It was a great success to reduce the working day to eight hours. International Workers’ Day is celebrated to honor the memory of the Chicago Martyrs.
Benefits that have now been achieved for workers
Today there is still much work to be done for workers’ rights. However, there are achievements that represent a real advance in people’s quality of life.
- Food Voucher: This is usually checks or a kind of debit card that is used to purchase food and sometimes medicine
- Hospitalization, Surgery and Maternity Insurance: There are companies where they give priority and importance to the good health of their employees. For this purpose, they have insurance in case the worker becomes ill.
- Transportation Bonus: This is compensation to cover the costs of transportation. There are even companies that cover routes with their own private transport.
- Paid leave: Each year the worker is entitled to a number of days according to his seniority in the company.
Not all countries enjoy these benefits, but the truth is that the rights of workers have come a long way around the world.
Undoubtedly all these benefits that we enjoy today are thanks to those layerless heroes who have struggled to achieve them.
Today in companies there are union groups fighting for workers’ rights.
Organic Labour Law in Venezuela
Venezuela’s labour law is the branch of the law responsible for regulating the legal relations between employers and workers. Likewise, the activity of trade unions and the actions of the State.
The Organic Labour Law are legal provisions governing employers’ working relationships. It specifies what you have to do as a worker and what you are entitled to. It also addresses the role of the boss.
Workers are protected by this law when requiring their rights.
Undoubtedly this is a breakthrough in the defense of workers’ rights in Venezuela.
Recalling that labour rights were achieved by fighting – International Workers’ Day
May 1st is celebrated on International Workers’ Day, making it a symbolic date in the struggle for workers. This in order to achieve better working conditions and wage improvements.
We must certainly honor the memory of the people who gave their lives to achieve all the accomplishments we enjoy today.
Once again from the Venezuelan Gustavo Mirabal, he extends the congratulations to them in the framework of the International Workers’ Day.
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