Perspectivas de la Inflación Global en 2024

Global Inflation in 2024, effects and how to protect ourselve

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Inflation remains a significant concern globally in 2024. Global Inflation in 2024 is the result of a confluence of economic, geopolitical, and environmental factors. That is why today we will analyze the situation, what are the measures that countries apply to mitigate it and how we can from a personal point of view protect our heritage. Without further ado, let’s begin.

One of the first elements that affected global inflationary processes was the COVID-19 pandemic, which began in 2020. It had a lasting impact on supply chains globally. Although many economies have shown signs of recovery, the knock-on effects persist.

The second element that has impacted global inflation in 2024 is the war in Ukraine. This has contributed to volatility in energy and food prices. These are fundamental factors driving inflationary pressures.

Finally, are extreme weather events. Climate change has affected agricultural production, contributing to shortages and rising commodity prices.

High and Persistent Global Inflation in 2024
High and Persistent Global Inflation in 2024

Effects of Global Inflation on the Economy in 2024

Global inflation in 2024 has multiple effects on the world economy. These effects vary according to the region, economic sector and according to the measures that each country uses to mitigate them. Despite this, there are several elements that are common to all economies, as we will see below.

Rising Living Costs

One of the most direct and visible effects of inflation is the increase in living costs. The prices of essential goods and services are rising like wildfire: food, utilities, energy and housing.

The purchasing power of consumers is constantly decreasing. This greatly affects people on fixed incomes or low incomes. This leads to a decrease in consumption, slowing down the economy, and an increase in poverty rates globally.

Reduction in Purchasing Power

Inflation destroys the real value of money. This means that people can purchase fewer products and services with the same amount of money as before.

This affects consumers and businesses. Wages are not increasing in the proportion that inflation does, which aggravates the situation, slowing down the economy.

Devaluation of Currencies

In some countries, inflation has led to a significant devaluation of their currencies. This negatively affects import-dependent economies, as imported goods and services become more expensive. In turn, this may contribute to an even larger inflationary cycle.

Global Inflation Outlook in 2024
Global Inflation Outlook in 2024

Personal Measures to Protect Yourself from Global inflation in 2024

Against this backdrop, an ordinary person can take several steps to protect their personal finances from the adverse effects of inflation:

Diversified Investments:

Diversifying investments is key. Investing in a combination of assets can help mitigate risks. We must look for solid assets that preserve value and others that help mitigate the inflationary effect on our wealth.

Real estate and stocks tend to offer returns that can outperform inflation in the long run.

In addition, inflation-indexed bonds, such as TIPS in the U.S., adjust their principal value based on the consumer price index. In this way, TIPS, and any inflation-indexed bonds, provide direct protection against inflation.


Saving on hard assets

Physical assets such as gold and other precious metals have traditionally been safeguards against inflation. Although they can be volatile in the short term, they tend to hold their value over time.

Spend Optimization

Reviewing and adjusting your personal budget is essential. Reducing unnecessary expenses and looking for cheaper alternatives can free up resources that can be invested or saved. Using financial management apps can help identify areas of overspending.

Captura de CO2 o Captura de Carbono

CO2 or carbon capture, an opportunity or a risk for the future?

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The global future looks worrisome. Inflation, real estate crises, a multitude of developed countries and the loss of purchasing power of the middle class are some of the dangers that besiege peace. In the middle of this series of crises, CO2 capture, or carbon capture is presented as an opportunity to alleviate the climate crisis. This will be a real opportunity or a risk for the future. Let’s find out below.


The growing popularity of the ultra-left and ultra-right alternating in power in some countries, oscillates and spreads political and economic disturbances. In this context, extremism disguised as alternatives is strengthened.

But many people forget that, in any political system, no matter how unstable, we depend on a stable climate for society to move forward.

In the book “The Three-Body Problem“, its writer Liu Cixin emphasized that the speed of advance of a civilization is related to climatic obstacles. He also tells us about the risks of not taking care of the planet and that these climate obstacles increase.

With this premise, the multi-award-winning science fiction novel tells the story of the struggle between civilizations for control of the earth. This is what we see when we see the exacerbation of conflicts at the global level. Are these conflicts the product of resource scarcity, climate change, or the need for domination? Let’s find out


Climate change as a crisis and CO2 or Carbon as an opportunity or risk?

During growing concern about climate change, “The Three-Body Problem” makes us think about it. This work reflects some of the risks that we could face in the coming years. Struggles for the control of resources, catastrophic climatic phenomena hindering the progress of humanity.

Amid this context, technology is a fundamental factor in improving the quality of life and overcoming climate obstacles. One of the technologies that sounds promising is that of CO2 or carbon capture. This technology aims to control the amount of CO2 that is expelled into the environment. This seeks to reduce its impact on the climate.

But how does CO2 capture technology work and will it really be an opportunity? We will find out below.


How does CO2 capture technology, or carbon capture, work, and what is its economic opportunity?

CO2 capture technology, also known as carbon capture, is a technology that seeks to capture CO2 at the time of its industrial production, either by combustion processes or processes of other industries. The idea of this technique is to obtain carbon to transport it and store it or use it. There are different techniques for its capture, as well as for its destination as we will see below.

How Works CO2 or Carbon Capture
How Works CO2 or Carbon Capture


CO2 capture or carbon capture techniques.

As we mentioned in the previous section, this technology captures carbon before it is released into the environment. This point would be either the points where combustion occurs or in the factories that emit it due to their industrial processes.

This is not a technology that is intended to be used initially in residential sectors or in private vehicles. In addition, its impact is quite small since the emissions generated industrially are the largest in volume.

Thanks to this, we could concentrate CO2 capture at the points of greatest generation and achieve a significant impact. But what are the CO2 capture techniques that are currently being proposed?


Comparison and uses of carbon capture techniques

  1. Oxy-combustion capture: in this technique, combustion is carried out in an atmosphere of pure oxygen, instead of regular air. This produces cleaner combustion and produces exhaust gases with a high concentration of CO2. This facilitates the capture of CO2 as well as improving the efficiency of combustion processes. This technique is very common in power plants and industrial plants, as it benefits efficiency.
  2. Pre-combustion capture: Using this technique, we separate carbon dioxide from the natural gas to which it is associated before combustion occurs. Using this method, we break down natural gas into hydrogen and CO2. On the one hand, hydrogen is used as a fuel, which produces clean emissions of water vapour. Moreover, we capture CO2 and store it safely. It is a technique widely used in the petrochemical industry and in the chemical industry.
  3. Capture in post-combustion: it is used after combustion to remove carbon dioxide from exhaust gases. The exhaust gases are cooled and compressed to separate the CO2 from the rest of the gases. It is used in many power plants and some industrial plants. This is an alternative to oxy-combustion capture, although it is considered less efficient and a lower value alternative.

The use of these technologies promises to reduce carbon emissions. But we also need to figure out how to use carbon efficiently and responsibly to prevent this from ending up in the atmosphere sooner or later.

Can carbon capture ACTUALLY work?

Gustavo Mirabal Castro el empresario venezolano acusado por su talento

Gustavo Mirabal Castro, academic and professional education

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Gustavo Mirabal and his academic and professional education

The successful Venezuelan Gustavo Mirabal is an amateur rider who has left the tricolor of Venezuela high. It should be noted that this man emphasized having an excellent academic background and therefore his professional success has been overwhelming. That is why in this installment we will focus on the education and professional career that Gustavo Mirabal has had in his life.

We know that what world leaders have said about education is the most powerful tool to change the world. In this sense, we can say that a country arises when the foundations of education are solid.

A solid education guarantees that the human talent that is generated has the necessary skills and competencies to practice in the specific areas, for which they have studied both in university studies and postgraduate studies.

For them it is of utmost importance that the state guarantees a quality education for its inhabitants with it will have as a reward highly trained personnel for jobs thus contributing to the development of the nation. It is in this sense, Gustavo Mirabal took his academic training very seriously.

At first, he studied at the Staunton Military School and later at the Judson School

In this sense Gustavo Mirabal course university studies at the prestigious private university “Santa Maria”. From this house of studies, he graduated as a lawyer in 1988.

After that, it has continued to maintain a process of continuous training in the areas of law, finance and sports. Well, Gustavo Mirabal considers himself a continuous learner, and we will talk about that later.

So, we can see that the discipline and perseverance of Gustavo Mirabal made him graduate from the university in the corresponding time.

Santa Maria University, the Alma Mater of Gustavo Mirabal Castro
Santa Maria University, the Alma Mater of Gustavo Mirabal Castro

Staunton Military Academy

Within the academic training that the Venezuelan Gustavo Mirabal course is the Stauton Military Academy.

The Staunton Military Academy was a private military institute exclusively for men. This institution was located in the city of Staunton Virginia.  Founded in 1884 which closed in the late 70s.

The school was highly valued for its academic and military curricula. In this institution they studied a few political and military leaders of the United States. These were important graduates, including the 1964 presidential candidate, Senator Barry Goldwater.

Likewise, in this institution were graduated:

  • Phil Oach, ’60s folk singer Phil Ochs, with a style similar to Bob Dylan with songs against the Vietnam War
  • John Dean, a White House lawyer who was a central figure in the Watergate scandal in the early seventies.

A gallery devoted to the school’s tradition is located on its former campus. It is now part of Mary Baldwin University. Throughout its tradition, the academy was referred to by students, faculty, and Staunton residents simply by its initials, SMA (Stauton Military Academy).

The closure of the Stauton Military Academy

The school struggled with its state funding in the mid-’60s. It participated in the “Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps” (JROTC) program and therefore received state resources. These resources helped her to maintain herself and also to train with excellence.

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 required schools that received state resources to integrate racially. Although they already admitted Latinos and Asians, their board still refused to accept African Americans.

The refusal of the Stauton Military Academy to racial integration led to the withdrawal of state programs and funding.

In 1973 the nearly bankrupt academy was sold to a non-profit organization. She decided to accept African Americans and rejoin the JROTC program to receive state resources. However, the initial refusal to accept racial integration damaged the image of the institution and in 1976 it had to close.

Gustavo Mirabal lamented the loss of the institution and, as a Latino student, always advocated for full inclusion. He saw how excellence could help many people find a path to genuine integration and understanding.

As an anecdote, in that year of its closure, it obtained the highest possible score in the evaluation as an academic institution. A redemption at the wrong time and a pity that the institution could not be transformed in a timely manner, to maintain its academic excellence hand in hand with inclusion.

Stauton’s military facilities and tradition passed to Mary Baldwin’s all-female college.

The dormitories of the Stauton Military Academy where Gustavo Mirabal Castro slept
The dormitories of the Stauton Military Academy where Gustavo Mirabal Castro slept

The Judson School

Continuing with the academic training of Gustavo Mirabal he continued his training process at the Judson school. This was a boarding school located in Arizona. Unfortunately, Judson School closed the year 2000, after an academic career of approximately 70 years. This institution was owned and run by Henry and Barbara Wick, along with their son, Hank Wick.

The institution was designed for people for whom English was their second language. In this way the classes were taught in English with the understanding that they were not native speakers.

A kind of international school to reinforce language learning. This is one of the reasons why Gustavo Mirabal learned English perfectly from a very young age.

This modality of studies attracted people from all over the world. Among its records was that it received students from 30 different countries. This also allowed Gustavo Mirabal Castro to relate to different cultures and nationalities.

The Judson school experience was the basis for Gustavo Mirabal’s dream of international expansion. Additionally, this added to their awareness of inclusion and exchange of cultures. Thanks to this, interacting in the United States, Spain, Switzerland, the United Kingdom or Dubai was something simple and natural.

Santa Maria University

At the Universidad Santa María Gustavo Mirabal he studied undergraduate law where he graduated in 1988.

The mission of Santa María University is to train integral professionals, prepared to face the current and future challenges posed by the economic, social, political and cultural development of the nation. Likewise, to contribute to the elevation of the quality of life and well-being of citizens through the teaching-learning process within the framework of information technology.

Venezuelan businessman accused for his talent
Venezuelan businessman accused for his talent

Gustavo Mirabal and his continuing academic training

Gustavo Mirabal Castro is a Venezuelan who enjoys learning new things constantly. Thanks to this, studying for his university career was not difficult for him. Nor was it difficult for him to continue learning continuously through diplomas, courses and reading.

In other articles we have talked about Gustavo Mirabal Castro’s facet as an avid reader. What we haven’t said, perhaps, is that this facet is nothing more than a part of your inner child wanting to learn everything.

It is a fact that Gustavo Mirabal Castro has tried to encompass multiple professional and business exercises. From being a lawyer, a financial advisor, an athlete, a youtuber or an entrepreneur in multiple fields, Gustavo Mirabal has acquired an enormous wealth of knowledge.

To venture into each of these fields, Gustavo Mirabal has had to take diplomas, courses, look for mentors, read books and an endless number of activities to increase his knowledge.

Gustavo Mirabal, as a good serial entrepreneur, has learned that the best way to keep growing is to keep learning.


What areas has Gustavo Mirabal studied for his academic and professional training?

This is how Gustavo Mirabal Castro has taken courses in areas as diverse as:

  • Finance
  • Investments
  • Management
  • Marketing
  • Management of equestrian facilities
  • Sports training
  • Digital marketing.
  • Content creation
  • Business management

Thanks to this extensive training, Gustavo Mirabal has been successful in numerous areas. Without a doubt, one of the pillars of entrepreneurship is continuous learning, as Gustavo Mirabal Castro always recommends.

Gustavo Mirabal’s Recommended Books to Learn About Personal Finance

For Gustavo Mirabal Castro, continuing education involves reading a lot and watching educational material on social networks. Thanks to this, he came up with the idea of creating a youtube channel called “Gustavo Mirabal Castro – Financial Advisor”. On his YouTube channel, he recommends books and offers advice and knowledge on personal finance.

From his learning in finance, Gustavo Mirabal Castro recommends the following books to those who begin their personal finance journeys:

Book 1: Rich Dad, Poor Dad by Robert T. Kiyosaki:

Rich Dad, Poor Dad by Robert Kiyosaki is a classic in the world of personal finance. Through the story of his life (we don’t know how much fiction and reality) Kiyosaki talks about his two parents with different approaches to money. Her father 1 is her biological father, with a focus on money being bad. On the other hand your “other parent” who really is a friend’s father, a positive approach to money and its pursuit.

Through this life experience and metaphor, Robert presents key concepts such as:

  • The importance of financial education.
  • Asset investment
  • Passive income creation.

This book will help you rethink your beliefs about money and establish a solid foundation for your financial education.

Book 2: The 4-Hour Workweek by Timothy Ferriss

The 4-Hour Workweek is not a book about personal finance specifically. Ferriss’s book seeks to offer a different perspective on the status quo on lifestyle and work.

Try to debunk the myth that working more can bring you a better income. In contrast, the 4-hour workweek focuses on being more efficient with the time we spend on things.

Ferriss presents several strategies that will help us achieve:

  • Maximize efficiency
  • Delegate tasks
  • Free up time to enjoy life.

In this book recommended by Gustavo Mirabal, you will learn about the importance of automation, delegation, and the pursuit of personal and financial freedom.

Book 3: The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People by Stephen Covey

This was one of the first books Gustavo Mirabal Castro read. Although Gustavo Mirabal does not believe in self-help books, he believes that this one is out of the norm. Stephen Covey in his book describes how to build generic habits that can help us be more effective in our daily lives.

Habits are behaviors learned and repeated over and over again until they become the essence of one. Although habits can be lost, also habits when acquired are difficult to get out of our lives. That is why they become integral attitudes to approach life.

That is why Stephen Covey summarized his experience of collecting what were the common habits of the people he knew and classified as highly effective people. For Covey, the most effective people were those who achieved their goals in a high percentage of cases, and even if they had failures, they were willing to move forward and improve.

Here are the habits that Stephen Covey collects in his book.

Covey’s 7 Habits

  • Be proactive: Do not respond to what happens to us but seek to make the things we want happen to us.
  • Starting everything with a goal in mind helps us to have direction in our actions with a meaningful purpose.
  • Learning to prioritize things according to their level of importance and urgency is essential to manage our energies in what requires our attention.
  • Look for a way in which each negotiation is a win-win to have an abundance mentality and get easy ways to reach fewer conflicting conclusions and create fewer “enemies” along the way.
  • Empathy: We must understand others and let them know before trying to make them understand us. Developing empathy with others helps others to also tune in to our needs.
  • Look for synergy: Value the diversity of perspectives and teamwork. In this way the total is the sum of the parts, and we achieve better results.

Renew ourselves and keep improving permanently, continuous improvement.

Basic Data of Gustavo Mirabal ‘s professional career

Apart from his passion for horses and everything related to the equestrian world, Gustavo Mirabal dedicated much of his years to playing his profession as a lawyer in various companies.

  • Commercial relations at G&C Stables Europa S.L. In this prestigious company, the Venezuelan Gustavo Mirabal stood out as a lawyer and businessman dedicated to the provision of comprehensive legal services. In this way I provide services and advice to both individuals and national and international companies, covering both the field of consulting and planning, as well as that related to the area of litigation.
  • Next is Lisal Enterprises Limited specialising in international financial and tax matters. Management for corporations and individuals, where it provides investment assistance in the financial market. Also advice for real estate investment.
  • Mirabal & Asociados there served as Director in Venezuela specialized in legal advice for investment banking. – Performs evaluation of company operations, market investments, financial statements and development trends.
Gustavo Mirabal y G&C Farm
Gustavo Mirabal y G&C Farm

Gustavo Mirabal’s entrepreneurship in the equestrian world

After having had a career in his profession as a lawyer for various companies. Then, Gustavo Mirabal Castro decided to undertake in the equestrian world.

In principle the business began in the United States in the course of 2009. He then moved to Madrid, Spain in 2014. The focus of this business was to apply itself to train the best riders for horse jumping competitions at the highest level.

It also helps the best riders to participate in the best horse show competitions in the world. In addition, it is also responsible for providing advice on the acquisition of top-quality horses with links around the planet.

Gustavo Mirabal Castro looking to the future
Looking to the future

Academy and experience united in Gustavo Mirabal

In relation to the academic training and professional development of the outstanding Venezuelan rider Gustavo Mirabal has been excellent. He has also held positions in important companies both in Venezuela and Europe.

Later he decided to give free rein to his true passion that are horses. That is why he dedicated himself to creating his own path. This initially emerged in the United States.  He then moved to Spain where he remains today with his beloved family.

Venezuelan Gustavo Mirabal has been the victim of a distorted information campaign. Being disseminated by different internet portals as well as social networks. But what is clear to those closest to him and his family is that this is false. It should be noted that all these achievements have been a continuous effort of his hard work that catapulted him to success.

Therefore, when a person is successful, envious, and malicious people can emerge wanting to damage the image of this. As the saying goes, nobody wants to see beautiful eyes on other people’s faces. Meanwhile Gustavo Mirabal continues to reap success in the equestrian world.

Temple Grandin, May 2011

Equine therapy in action: Real celebrity cases

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Equine therapy, also known as horse-assisted therapy, has been used by many famous and well-known people to improve their quality of life. Increasingly widespread, the practice of equine therapy is helping many people to recover their physical health and psychological well-being. That is why today we will learn a little more about equine therapy in action and some of the celebrities and celebrities who have benefited.

In a television series like Heartland we can see the healing power of horses, but how they also need care. Because the relationship with horses is a two-way relationship as we can see in the Netflix series, Heartland.

Today we will learn about the cases of famous people and celebrities whose lives were changed by equine therapy in action. Without further ado, let’s begin.

Cases of Equine Therapy Celebrities in Action

Here are examples of well-known people who have found benefits in horse-assisted therapy:

1. Gabrielle Giffords

Former U.S. Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords suffered severe brain damage following an attack in 2011. Giffords turned to equine therapy as part of her rehabilitation process. Horseback riding helped improve her balance, coordination, and strength, as well as provide her with a sense of freedom and normalcy during her recovery.

Equine therapy in action helped Gabrielle Giffords in her recovery
Equine therapy in action helped Gabrielle Giffords in her recovery

2. Temple Grandin

Temple Grandin, a professor at Colorado State University and an animal rights advocate, is a prominent figure in the autistic community.

She herself has used equine therapy as part of her personal and professional development. Grandin highlighted how the bond with horses has allowed him to better understand his own emotions and has been fundamental in his social development.

In the U.S. In the U.S., there is a research center related to horses, their well-being and their therapeutic use called the Temple Grandin Equine Center.

Temple Grandin giving a TED talk
Temple Grandin giving a TED talk

3. Ann Romney

Ann Romney, wife of U.S. politician Mitt Romney, has been a strong advocate of equine therapy after being diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. Horseback riding helped him maintain his balance and muscle strength, as well as providing significant emotional support. Ann has commented that horses have been a crucial source of strength and hope in her life.

4. Jamie Lynn Sigler

Actress Jamie Lynn Sigler, known for her role in “The Sopranos,” has used equine therapy as part of her treatment for multiple sclerosis. Sigler has talked about how riding horses has helped him deal with fatigue and muscle weakness, as well as improving his mental and emotional well-being.

5. Christopher Reeve

Actor Christopher Reeve, famous for his role as Superman, suffered a spinal cord injury that left him quadriplegic. Although Reeve was unable to fully participate in equine therapy due to the severity of his injury, he was a strong advocate of this form of therapy.

His foundation supported research on the benefits of equine therapy for people with neurological injuries.

6. R. J. Mitte

Actor R. J. Mitte, known for his role in the series “Breaking Bad,” was born with cerebral palsy. Mitte has used equine therapy as part of her physical rehabilitation.

This is part of what has helped you improve your balance, coordination, and muscle strength. In addition, he has spoken about how interaction with horses has improved his confidence and emotional well-being.


Benefits of Equine Therapy in Action

Equine therapy offers multiple benefits, both physical and emotional:

  • Physical: Improves balance, coordination, muscle strength and posture.
  • Emotional: Reduces stress, improves self-esteem, and provides a sense of accomplishment.
  • Cognitive: Improves attention, concentration and problem-solving skills.
  • Social: Facilitates social interaction and improves communication skills.

These cases demonstrate how equine therapy can be a powerful and transformative tool for people with various conditions, providing not only physical, but also emotional and psychological improvements.

Famous Equine Therapy Promoters in Action

Some people for the love of horses and animals, because they have a beneficiary or because they have felt it directly, defend equine therapy.

The benefits of therapeutic horse riding and therapy with horses have reached many people and are reaching more and more people. Today we will show you some people who have promoted some of the variants related to equine therapy.

Bo Derek

Actress Bo Derek is passionate about horses. Thanks to this, she has become an advocate of equine therapy.

Thanks to this, he has worked extensively with war veterans suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), through Richard Branson’s Wild Aid organization

She has promoted horse-assisted therapy as an effective way to help these veterans regain their emotional and mental health.

J. K. Rowling

The author of the “Harry Potter” book series, J. K. Rowling, has supported causes related to horse-assisted therapy, especially those that benefit children with physical and mental disabilities.

Although she hasn’t spoken publicly about using the therapy for herself, she supports this type of treatment.

Zara Phillips

Zara Phillips, granddaughter of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and equestrian champion, has promoted the benefits of equine therapy, especially for children with disabilities.

Although Zara has not needed therapy for herself, her knowledge and passion for horses have led her to advocate for their therapeutic use.

Perhaps your good health and mood are part of the benefits that come with being a professional rider and enjoying the benefits of horseback riding, therapeutic or not.

Tippi Hedren

Actress and model Tippi Hedren, known for her work in Alfred Hitchcock’s films. She is also known for her work in defense of animals and, perhaps for this reason, she has also been a strong advocate of therapy with animals, especially horses.

She has worked with organizations that use horses to help people with physical and mental disabilities, promoting their use as a valuable tool for rehabilitation and well-being.

Equine therapy in action

These examples illustrate the wide range of people and conditions that can benefit from equine therapy, from physical and neurological injuries to emotional and psychological disorders. Horse-assisted therapy continues to gain recognition for its ability to significantly improve the quality of life for those who practice it.

Efectos funcionales de la equinoterapia

Functional effects of equine therapy

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Functional effects of equine therapy on riders-pacients

Equine therapy has different functional effects on the patient in their therapeutic process. In this sense, the therapist must appropriately choose the appropriate strategies to channel the therapy to the problems detected. To do this, he will select the appropriate exercises since the intimate contact of the patient’s body with the horse stimulates the patient’s different systems. In this article we will focus on the functional effects of Equine Therapy.

Functional effects of equine therapy
Functional effects of equine therapy

Functional effects on the digestive system

The constant and rhythmic movement of the pelvis greatly stimulates peristalsis of the intestine. The faster the movement (trot and canter), the more stimulation is given to the internal organs of the abdomen, which is beneficial for people who cannot walk and suffer from chronic constipation. By applying neuromuscular exercises focused on the abdominal muscles, the effect on the intestine is increased. In addition, it is proven that horseback riding increases heart rate and promotes blood circulation. The constant massage of the legs with the horse’s side stimulates their blood circulation.


Functional effects on the respiratory system

The demands on cardiac and circulatory function are much greater at gallop, which the therapist must consider when working with patients with heart problems. Joined step and jogging are used, which are relaxing movements to stimulate the circulatory system without excessively straining the heart function.

In order for breathing to regularize and deepen during riding, it is advisable to use jogging. The correct riding position encourages the opening of the shoulders, the release of the diaphragm and the lung area, favoring inspiration and expiration

Breathing Exercise Application

The application of breathing exercises and vocalization aloud, always in harmony with the horse’s rhythm, favors the regularization of breathing. That is why equine therapy is used in patients with respiratory problems such as chronic bronchitis and asthma.


Functional effects on the musculoskeletal system

Thanks to the synchrony of movements between the horse and the rider-patient, equine therapy stimulates the patient’s muscles and balance. Through therapeutic horseback riding, patients are able to stimulate and strengthen the muscles, while protecting the bones and joints.

Equine therapy also stimulates the nervous system, especially the nerves linked to the musculature as we will see later. This reduces abnormal movement patterns. Muscle development also favors the associated nervous system.

By stimulating the muscles, the relationship with these muscles and their control is also stimulated, either to contract them or to relax them when necessary. In this way, equine therapy promotes the relaxation of the muscles, being very useful for people who suffer from muscle stiffness.

It is especially useful for people who for whatever reason are paralyzed and losing muscle tone. Just as a physiotherapist stimulates the muscles, in the same way the horse stimulates the muscles of the whole body and the systems associated with it, helping with balance, balance and correcting bad postures and movements.

Functional effects on the nervous system

Through the multifactorial stimulation of the horse’s heat, tactile thanks to its coat, visual, auditory, olfactory and muscular thanks to the horse’s riding, the nervous system can correct many imbalances. By concentrating on the muscular system and exercise, we have many benefits such as improving the patient’s balance.

By stimulating the nervous system we have direct functional effects on proprioception. Thanks to this, the patient can be aware of their own body and the correct postures and positions. Proprioception is the sense of location of body parts and allows neuromuscular control of arms, legs, and other joints. This is how the patient becomes the owner of himself, of his own body.

By improving proprioception, the patient improves their reflexes, ability to react, coordination, and motor planning. That is, it makes the patient able to manage their body properly for movement.

This is also related to the ability to relax the body at rest, reducing involuntary movements and helping with body stiffness or loss of muscle tone.

Functional effects on the cognitive and psychological system

Without a doubt, this is one of the most beneficial aspects of equine therapy. Equine therapy has been used, not only to help with the physical part of the human being, but also with its psychological part.

When the body is affected, the emotional and mental dimensions of the human being are affected. But there are also people whose emotional and mental conditions affect the physical dimension of the body. This two-way relationship is one of the most important elements on which equine therapy works, having functional effects on the patient in an integral way.

While the muscles are being stimulated physically, the senses are being stimulated in order to refeed the patient’s cognitive system. Ultimately, this unleashes emotions and thoughts that fuel the emotional and mental well-being of the patient. The idea of being outdoors, receiving the warmth of the sun, looking at a pleasant landscape, and being able to control an immense animal, gives a feeling of well-being and control that restores self-esteem and the feeling of control to the rider.

Without a doubt, this is one of the great assets of modern equine therapy.

Multiple scopes of equine therapy

In summary, equine therapy not only improves communication, the sensory-motor, psychomotor, sociomotor part of patients. But it goes much further, as it really helps to stimulate the different apparatuses and systems of the human being.

Sources consulted:

Gross, E. (2006). Equine therapy: rehabilitation through the horse. Seville.

Publisher: Trillas.

For more information visit:

Horse Therapy: Equine Therapy and Therapeutic Horsemanship

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A Look at Equine Therapy and Therapeutic Horsemanship for Horse Therapy

Horse Therapy, also known as equine therapy or therapeutic horseback riding, is a form of therapy. This therapy uses the horse as a means to promote the physical, emotional, and cognitive well-being of people with disabilities. It is also used in cases of mental health disorders or special needs.

Horse therapy or equine therapy has increased in popularity in recent decades due to its demonstrated benefits in rehabilitation and personal development.

Equine therapy is based on the philosophy that the connection between humans and horses can be therapeutic and can help improve the quality of life for patients.

Through activities and exercises guided by a specialized therapist, equine therapy can improve motor coordination, balance, muscle strength, concentration, self-esteem, and self-confidence. Additionally, interactions with horses can provide a supportive environment and emotional connection for those struggling with mental health disorders.

Therapy with horses is based on the connection of humans with animals
Therapy with horses is based on the connection of humans with animals

Exploring the benefits of equine therapy

Horses have a rhythmic movement that is similar to human movement and can help people with physical disabilities improve their balance and coordination. In addition, working with a horse can be an enjoyable form of physical exercise for those who may have difficulty performing traditional activities.

Equine therapy can also help people with neurodevelopmental disorders. Positive effects have been seen in conditions such as autism, and it has also helped improve their social and communication skills.

In addition to the physical benefits, equine therapy can also have a positive impact on mental health. Interaction with horses can help reduce stress and anxiety, promoting relaxation and emotional stability. This can be especially beneficial for those who suffer from anxiety disorders or mood disorders.

Considerations and recommendations

Although equine therapy can be an effective form of therapy for many people, it is important to note that it is not a one-size-fits-all solution for health problems Every person is different and may respond differently to horse therapy It is important to work with a professional therapist to determine if equine therapy is right for each individual and to tailor activities and exercises accordingly.

Horse Therapy: Discover how equine therapy improves life.
Horse Therapy: Discover how equine therapy improves life.

Horse Therapy can also be an additional cost and requires a time commitment from the patient and their caregivers However, many non-profit organizations offer equine therapy sessions at affordable or even free prices for those who are struggling financially Overall, equine therapy offers a holistic and beneficial approach to rehabilitation and personal development for those who need it.


Horse Therapy: A Way to Take Care of Health and Wellness

Equine therapy or therapeutic horsemanship is an increasingly valued practice in the field of health and well-being Through interaction with horses, this therapy seeks to improve the quality of life of people with disabilities, mental health disorders or special needs Its growing popularity is due to the obvious benefits in physical rehabilitation and personal development.

In a world where technology and haste are the protagonists, Horse Therapy is presented as an alternative that invites us to connect with nature and ourselves. The simplicity and beauty of this practice make it a unique method full of possibilities to take care of our health and well-being


Consequences of Horse Therapy on Health and Wellness

Studies have shown that equine therapy has a positive impact on different areas of people’s lives.

  • On a physical level, it helps in the recovery from injuries and in muscle strengthening.
  • On an emotional level, it fosters confidence, improves self-esteem and reduces stress.
  • And at the cognitive level, it enhances concentration, coordination and attention.

This holistic approach to health and wellness allows for comprehensive treatment of people who participate in Horse Therapy. By interacting with horses, a relationship of affection and respect is established that provides a sense of peace and acceptance. In addition, the outdoor environment in which this therapy is carried out promote disconnection from the urban world and contact with nature.


The People Involved in Horse Therapy

Equine therapy not only benefits the people receiving the therapy, but also involves other important agents in the process, such as therapists, horse caretakers, and the equines themselves. The therapists, in collaboration with the team of caregivers, select the most suitable horse for each person based on their needs and therapeutic goals

Horses, on the other hand, are sensitive and intelligent beings that respond empathetically to the emotions and emotional burdens of patients and thus facilitate the therapeutic process.

Its calming presence and rhythm of movement help relax the body and mind, promoting the release of endorphins and improving mood.


Horse Therapy: A Way to Take Care of Our Physical, Emotional, and Cognitive Health and Well-Being

Equine therapy is a practice that highlights the bond between humans and horses. Through this connection, a space of understanding, acceptance and transformation is promoted. This is a space where the person can find tools to develop their potential and improve their quality of life.

In summary, Horse Therapy is an effective option that respects the integral well-being of people. The growing interest in equine therapy coupled with the positive results make it worthy of consideration.

Equine therapy can be seen as a way to take care of our physical, emotional and cognitive health. We can also see equine therapy as a way to recover the lost relationship with nature. Dare to try it and discover its benefits for yourself!

Horse Therapy

Without a doubt, therapy with horses is a form of approach that, despite the time it takes, remains in an incipient state. That is why we seek to raise awareness about the enormous benefits of this type of therapy. Gustavo Mirabal Castro knows the benefits of equinetherapy and the different types of therapy with horses that exist. For more information visit our short article on the functional effects of equine therapy.

Turismo ecuestre

Equestrian tourism, a way to connect with nature

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Equestrian tourism

Tourism is now an important economic activity for many countries. As a result, an innovative activity called Equestrian Tourism has been developed. Expenditures made by leisure and business travelers tend to be generous. In many countries, the development of the tourism industry has diversified into a multitude of sectors according to the increasingly varied preferences of travellers or tourists. Tourism is driven by the need to know new things, to learn but also to do it in an experiential way.

Tourism, according to the World Tourism Organization, is defined as “the activities that people carry out during their travels and stays in places other than their usual environment for a consecutive period of time of less than one year, for leisure, business or other purposes”.

Equestrian tourism
Equestrian tourism

Tourism as we know it today was born with the industrial revolution in the nineteenth century when the steam engine made it possible to create mass means of transport such as the steamboat and the train. This allowed the displacement of large masses of people beyond migration and war but for leisure, shortening distances.

Natural tourism or Back to the origins

One of the biggest trends is the “return to the origins” or natural tourism. Within this category are:

  • Ecotourism: Based on direct contact with nature
  • Ornithology: A version of ecotourism can be considered tourism dedicated to bird watching
  • Agrotourism and Agroecotourism: Focused on showing agro-industrial production processes and the participation of tourists in these processes.
  • Rural tourism: it takes place in rural areas and attracts tourists interested in learning about its gastronomy, ways of life, traditions and customs, handicrafts, among other things. This tourism depends a lot on the friendliness of the inhabitants of rural areas.
  • Ichthyotourism: Focused on sport fishing and diving
  • Hunting: Focused on safaris, sighting of animals in their natural habitat, and its most rejected version, the sport hunting of animals in reserves where the animals are bred specifically for this purpose, contrary to what ecotourism could be.
    Equestrian tourism

Equestrian tourism in different countries

Equestrian tourism has developed in several countries with beautiful landscapes and a deep-rooted equestrian tradition. Germany, Greece, France, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Spain (particularly in the area of Andalusia) and Turkey are some of the countries that have raised their stakes in this type of tourism.

Equestrian Tourism in Andalusia, Spain
Equestrian Tourism in Andalusia, Spain

Equestrian tourism is a form of rural tourism with ecotourism, where through defined routes you can travel on horseback while contemplating beautiful landscapes. While it seems simple, equestrian tourism requires a great deal of organization. It must ensure identified and reliable routes, as well as stopping places, that allow traveling riders to find to feed themselves and the horses, and even relax or linger in adequate conditions of comfort.

This tourism has gained ground and as well as allowing riders to enjoy nature, it allows riders to perfect themselves. Depending on the selected route, it will be possible to develop techniques and skills learned. In short, a delight for any traveler interested in nature and a form of experiential learning for the most seasoned riders. A Great Adventure.

Equestrian tourism has been revitalised thanks to an interest in nature

Equestrian tourism has been revitalized thanks to the need for human beings to return to their origins. Concerns about climate change, environmental impact, respect for animals and ecology are beginning to play a very important role.

Thanks to this change in human behaviour, all forms of natural tourism have rebounded, but especially equestrian tourism.
Equestrian tourism takes us back to the beginnings of civilization. In doing so, he keeps us in touch with a more innocent era of humanity, but without abandoning the comforts of being human.

Undoubtedly, equestrian tourism is here to stay and has become an economic sector of great importance.


Turismo Ecuestre

Equestrian Tourism Countries, ideal countries to enjoy it

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Equestrian tourism is a relatively recent addition to the portfolio of tourism categories for many countries. The World Tourism Organization defines tourism as “the activities that people engage in during their travels and stays in places other than their usual environment for a consecutive period of time of less than one year, for leisure, business or other purposes.” Equestrian tourism is defined as “Equestrian tourism means travelling with horses”

The origin of equestrian tourism begins in France, the most developed of the countries in this sector. It is estimated that in France there are 150,000 licenses for this activity and 250,000 to 300,000 riders. It was regulated in 1965 and the National Committee of Equestrian Tourism has a special page with a search engine that allows you to locate any type of service.

We leave here an spanish audio about equestrian tourism

Equestrian tourism is focused on the horse but the facilities and services around this cannot be neglected. The human element is also critical because trained people are required to deal with horses. This type of tourism is a subcategory of rural tourism and it is important that rural tourism begins to adapt to this new trend.

Types of equestrian tourism activities

For Gustavo Mirabal, equestrian tourism is one of the most fun activities you can enjoy
For Gustavo Mirabal, equestrian tourism is one of the most fun activities you can enjoy

Equestrian tourism encompasses a large number of activities but can be fundamentally classified into two:

Horseback riding: this activity is carried out with a horse while the tourist guides the horse along defined routes. These routes allow you to admire nature and landscapes. The rider can even sleep in different parts of the route and rest. Equestrian therapeutic tourism can also be included in this category.

Horse tourism: This is linked to any equestrian activity. For example, attending horse races, visiting a stud farm or attending a jumping competition. The tourist is not directly linked, but enjoys admiring the activity they attend and the horses.

Equestrian tourism in some countries

Equestrian tourism has become a very attractive and profitable activity for many countries. This has led to a worldwide growth of the countries participating in this interesting sector. However, there are countries that have demonstrated a tradition and development in the equestrian tourism sector. Below we will introduce you to some of the most important countries today where you can enjoy equestrian tourism.


As we mentioned before, it is one of the countries with the greatest development of equestrian tourism. It has been regulated since 1967 by the National Committee for Equestrian Tourism. It has a volume of 150,000 licenses in the sector and more than 250,000 riders and horsewomen dedicated to this activity.

The national committee is responsible for promoting the sector. To this end, I develop a page that makes an inventory of the equestrian tourism services provided in the country in one place.


Since 2014, the Royal Spanish Equestrian Federation (RFHE) has been carrying out a plan to internationalize Spanish equestrian tourism. To this end, it has an online booking center and a specialized tour operator, which manages the new demand from the markets of Europe, the USA, Canada, Australia and the emerging countries of South America. Through the brand ‘Equestrian Tourism Spain’, grouping together tourist services, it aims to continue growing in attractions.


In 20016 the World Equestrian Tourism Organization declared Guayas as “World Equestrian Tourism Destination 2016”. This appointment was made during the IV Montuvia Integration Parade of Guayas, which was attended by the Vice President of Ecuador, Jorge David Glas. The vice president at the time celebrated the positioning of the province in the world. He also celebrated the recent appointment of Samborondón as Ecuador’s Equestrian Capital.

Horsemen from all over Ecuador participated in this parade, who contributed 5,447 horses from Manabí, Chimborazo, Guayas, El Oro and Los Ríos, for the parade that was coordinated by the Prefecture of Guayas, the Association of Cattle Ranchers of the Coast and Galapagos, and the Montuvia Guayasense Integration Committee.

This event gives an idea of Ecuador’s projection in the sector.


Since 2015, strategies have been implemented to consolidate this notoriety. Some companies that have been working in this sector, diversifying the business and are ready to export their tourism to the world.

ProColombia has supported the internationalization process. He even organized the “Colombia Nature Travel Mart”, a business roundtable for the adventure and nature tourism segments that included equestrian tourism.

There are companies that offer equestrian tourism plans (8 days, 7 nights with 6 days of horseback riding) ranging from US$1,750 to US$2,100 per person.

Equestrian tourism as a source of development for countries

As we can see, equestrian tourism represents a great opportunity for the development of an economic sector such as tourism for a lot of countries. Additionally, it also represents an opportunity to promote sustainable tourism practices and the ethical treatment of horses.

Undoubtedly, horses are an important source of curiosity and opportunities in the modern world, one of man’s best friends. The latter is one of Gustavo Mirabal Castro‘s goals.

Information sources


Trakehner Horse Breed, A Distinguished Breed for Gustavo Mirabal

Trakehner, a distinguished horse breed for Gustavo Mirabal

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Trakehner Horse Breed

Horses have been animals that have helped humans since ancient times.

Had this form of transportation not been available, civilizations would not have advanced as they did.

Throughout this installment we will address everything related to this horse breed called Trakehner.


Trakehner Horse | characteristics, origin & disciplines


A Distinguished Horse Breed

The Trakehner horse breed is one of the most elegant and versatile today.

This breed comes from the Trakehnen region, an area of Lithuania and Russia. Like this.

This particular horse breed has been perfected over time, thus becoming a versatile and high-performance sport horse.

We can see how horses have made a great contribution to the evolution of humanity and this breed with its versatility is an added value in various riding disciplines.

Trakehner Horse Breed
Trakehner Horse Breed

Trakehner Horse Breed Characteristics

Below, we can see the salient features of Trakehner horses:

  1. The Trakehner are known for their great versatility and excellence in a variety of equestrian disciplines. They are used in show jumping, dressage, dressage, complete, carriage driving, and more. Their versatility makes them suitable for high-level challenges and for leisure.
  2. They have an elegant and athletic conformation; the head is refined with expressive eyes. In addition, it has a long, arched neck, a strong and well-muscled back, and proportionate limbs. Its overall appearance is one of balance and harmony.
  3. This breed is known for having an intelligent, sensitive, and balanced temperament. They are diligent horses and willing to work. It should be noted that they also have the necessary sensitivity to respond to the subtleties of training.
  4. These horses usually have excellent athletic ability. They are known for their elegance in movement, with a wide and fluid trot. His ability to jump is also noticeable, showing power and agility over obstacles.
  5. Trakehners are robust and long-lived horses. They are known for their strength and durability. Therefore, this feature makes them suitable for work and competition for many years.

Trakehner horses and their great versatility

This breed of horse can be used in a variety of equestrian disciplines. Below are the most prominent ones in which Trakehner horses usually excel:

  1. Equestrian Jumping: Trakehners are excellent jumpers. Their athletic ability, agility and power make them suitable to participate in equestrian jumping events at the national and international level.
  2. Dressage and dressage: Given their natural elegance in movement, Trakehners are perfect for dressage and dressage. Their sensitivity and willingness to work make them perfect for the rigors of training in this discipline.
  3. Eventing Competition: The eventing is an equestrian discipline that combines three phases: dressage, show jumping, and cross country. Trakehners are horses that manage to excel in all three phases of the all-around.
  4. Carriages and Drafts: Due to their elegance, strength, and work disposition, Trakehners can also be used in carriage driving and hitching activities or draft. They are variable horses that can be trained to pull carriages at events such as exhibitions and parades.
  5. Leisure and Recreational Riding: In addition to their use in competitions and sporting activities, Trakehners are also excellent horses for leisure and recreational riding. Their balanced temperament and ability to adapt to a variety of situations make them ideal for riders of all experience levels.

We can see that this breed of horse usually excels in various riding disciplines. This attribute makes it a horse that most people want to have.

Gustavo Mirabal admires the versatility and development of this breed of horse in various activities.

Trakehner Horse Breed, A Distinguished Breed for Gustavo Mirabal
Trakehner Horse Breed, A Distinguished Breed for Gustavo Mirabal

The Trakehner Horse Breed, a Distinguished Breed That Grows

Trakehner horses are credited for their versatility and can be used successfully in a variety of equestrian disciplines.

This versatility has led him to conquer the hearts of many people.

Undoubtedly, it manages to stand out in disciplines such as equestrian jumping, dressage, eventing.

He also excels at driving carriages and hitches, as well as for leisure and recreational riding.

We close this installment with a phrase alluding to horses:

“There are wonderful places in the world, but one of my favorites is on horseback.” Rolf Kopfle.

El caballo en la música

The horse in music and farm work songs

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We have seen the horse in the fine arts, such as in painting, sculpture and also in cinema and comics. Today it’s the turn of the horse in the music and the so-called work songs or farm work songs. The role of the horse in music, whether as a symbol or as a protagonist, is impressive. Without further ado, let’s get started.

The horse is present in much of the art. Their presence is even reflected in the cave paintings of the Ekai caves. These equestrian paintings in Ekai date back to 6,000 BC and are considered world heritage.

Likewise, horse has played a very important role in the history of humanity as a means of transport or as an agricultural or war tool. And just as the horse has accompanied humanity, so the horse began to take its role as a protagonist. In this way, he began to appear alongside the man in his different facets.

This is how the horse took a leading role in human society and was reflected along with man as one of its best companions.

We can also observe the representation of the horse in the sculpture through the equestrian statues. A good example of equestrian sculpture is the equestrian sculpture of King Philip III.

Thus, we can find examples in each of man’s artistic expressions. While it is true that the modern world has taken us away from the horse, it is also true that the memory of humanity remains.

Let’s learn a little more about the role of the horse in music and some of its best representatives.

Los Melódicos - Caballo Viejo - 1998

The Horse in Music

It may sound strange to sing a song or listen to music inspired by or dedicated to horses. The truth is that in areas where the horse remains an integral part of the community, this is quite common. In Latin America, for example, in rural areas the horse is still part of transport and agricultural production.

This is the case in rural areas where agricultural production is not industrialized and/or automated. The horse continues to be a protagonist outside the cities and large cities. Perhaps this is why its artistic representation has been somewhat abandoned.

However, the horse, apart from being a great cog in rural communities, is also a symbol. For ancient societies, the horse is synonymous with strength, loyalty, and fertility. These symbols remain even though the presence of the horse is becoming less and less present in modern society.

This is how the horse continues to predominate in the rural areas of Spain and Latin America. Recently, wild horses in the U.S. have been the subject of controversy because they affect livestock and agriculture in several states. There we will find great musical works inspired by the horse.

Without further ado, let’s get started.

The Horse in Music
The Horse in Music

Some Musical Works Inspired by the Horse

There are songs that give us strength, that are metaphors or that move us. So we have decided to show a wide selection of songs inspired by horses.

For Gustavo Mirabal, in his homeland there are two distinguished representatives of the horse in music, which are “La muerte del Rucio Moro” and “Caballo Viejo”. Almost any Venezuelan will know what they are talking about when they mention these songs. Both have become part of the musical tradition of the Venezuelan plains, although their singer-songwriters are quite recent.

Below is a short list of some of its best representatives in the Spanish language:

  • La Muerte del Rucio Moro” (The Death of Dapple Moor). Lyrics, music and interpretation by Reinaldo Armas.
  • “Caballo Viejo” or Old Horse. Lyrics, music and interpretation by Simón Díaz: This is such a famous song that it has at least 300 versions to its credit. Different languages and rhythms alike.
  • Caballo Prieto Azabache (Dark Jet Horse). Lyrics, music and interpretation by Antonio Aguilar: It has also been performed by Vicente Fernández.
  • El cantador (The singer). Lyrics, music and interpretation by Antonio Aguilar: This song has also been performed by Vicente Fernández.
  • El corrido del caballo blanco (The Corrido of the White Horse). Lyrics, music and interpretation by José Alfredo Jiménez.
  • El mejor caballo (The best horse). Lyrics, music and interpretation by Yeison Jiménez.

Undoubtedly, songs in Spanish have great exponents both in compositions and performers. We also leave you a small list below of songs in English.

Caballo Viejo Simon Diaz (Letra) HD

The Horse in English Music

There are also many noteworthy representatives in the language:

Without any doubt, a repertoire for those who want to know the discography associated with horses and what they represent.

Finally, we also mention a curious production called “Babieca Hiede” by Los Ganglios. Part psychedelic, part homage to the Babieca Horse, one of the best known in history, we certainly don’t recommend it, but for those who are curious, we leave the thorn in your side.

Rolling Stones-Wild Horses

The Horse in Music

We have given a small taste of how big the world of horses is in music. Without a doubt, for horse or music lovers, this topic will be just an appetizer. Now enjoy and tell us about your wonderful experience. The horse will forever be with humanity either as his friend, his partner in the slaughter or in his metaphors.




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