Principles and benefits of equine therapy
The horse has a musculature that is beneficial for people with disabilities. This is equine therapy.
Being also an animal with a docile, friendly and kind character.
The therapy with horses is now very applied and the results are excellent.
This therapy is known as Equine Therapy.
Principles of equine therapy
In this sense, horsemanship produces excellent results in all those pathologies that entail some limitation of the motor or muscular apparatus.
This is due to the position of the body and the movement that the horse produces when galloping.
Agility, harmony and strength are the benefits that help those who need equinotherapy.
The rider on the horse
When the horse goes to the pass transmits vibrations to the body of the rider and consequently to his brain.
Such movement is promoting the nervous connections of it.
In short, it consists of taking advantage of the multidimensional movements of the horse to stimulate muscles, bones and joints.
Another principle of this therapy is that it is given outdoors which helps the patient to relax.
The ideal scenario for equine therapy
Places with abundant vegetation are ideal to carry out this therapy with horses.
It is favorable to contact with different sensations and textures, not to mention the range of colors and visual stimuli that nature provides us.
What causes a very beneficial effect on the sensory and cognitive system without making virtually no effort in this regard.
Equine therapy and the benefits that are generated are essential not only for the person receiving the technique, but also for the family members and the immediate environment. The improvement of the mood, especially in the case of children, is a motivating source that drives the patient.
Other healing principles of equine therapy
Other principles of equine therapy are based on:
- The transmission of the body heat of the horse
- Transmission of the rhythmic impulses from the back of the horse to the rider
- And the transmission of a three-dimensional locomotion pattern equivalent to the physiological pattern of human gait.
The horses to be used for this technique must be:
- Nobles, with a docile and calm temperament
- Trained naturally (no submission) as this will ensure confidence in the horse.
- You should be familiar with the people and with the materials that are used during the therapy sessions such as balls, rings, cones, etc.
Horses can also be useful to treat other conditions such as mental illnesses such as schizophrenia, bipolarity or depression, drug addiction and behavioral problems are also used.
Benefits of equine therapy
Among the physical benefits that are achieved we can highlight the improvement of balance, posture control, strengthening muscle tone. It also helps the neuromotor coordination and orientation, the temporal space and laterality, improving the perception of the body schema.
It also produces an increase in self-esteem, improved confidence and self-confidence, stimulation of attention and concentration. In the aspects of social relationship, it helps the development of self-control, stimulates communication, language and new learning such as respect for others and nature.
As we can see, equine therapy is a form of natural therapy that allows the treatment of various conditions. Its effectiveness is demonstrated in the treatment of musculoskeletal problems and psychological problems. An alternative that allows patients to heal with our best friend, the horse.
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