Horse rider and Jockey
A rider makes reference in English and other languages to the person riding a horse or to the person skilled in equitation. Mainly if this is related to their most frequent tasks (muleteers, tamers, among others). In the case of referring to women on horseback, the words “amazon” or “rider” are used.
History of the horse riders
The “zenetha” or zenetas or carrots were a “tribe” of Berbers who during the Middle Ages rivaled another no less important one, that of the Zenegui.
According to the hypothesis of some experts, the zenethas were configured as an ethnic group in the Western Sahara and on the northern margin of the Senegal River. Especially after the Arab invasion. Such an invasion would have forced them to adopt as part of their tactics the use with great skill first of the camels and camels. From his experience with the type of agile and light Arabian horse. The evolution of these riders was important in the Maghreb and, from the 8th century, in medieval Spain dominated by the Arabs.
Etymology of “Rider”
The origin of the word “Rider” comes from:
- Late Old English rīdere ‘mounted warrior, knight’
- Middle French rider, from Old French rider (“to wrinkle”),
- Old High German rīdan, wrīdan (“to turn; twist; wind; wring; wind up; wrench”)
Now, how to be a good horse rider?
To be a good rider requires a lot of discipline, because when we train in these activities we must devote a lot of time to our intellectual and emotional preparation.
A jockey is a horse rider who competes in horse races.
What are the characteristics that a Jockey must possess?
The average jockey has a light but athletic constitution. The weight that, in general, ranges between 49 and 54 kg. It is worth noting that according to the racing regulations and according to the race, the horses run with a weight of 48 to 61 kg, including the jockey team.
Although there is no height limit for jockeys, they are usually quite low due to weight limits. Usually, they measure between 1.47 m and 1.68 m.
In this order of ideas, some schools of apprentice jockeys set the maximum limit for their entry, 22 years of age, 1.60 m height and 50 kg of weight.
Where does the word Jockey come from?
The word jockey was originally a diminutive of Scottish proper name Jack, so it could be translated as Jhonny. It is also used generically for “boy or partner”, at least since the 1520s. Since the 1660s it was used to designate the person who rides horses in races, that is, the rider. In American English slang, it is used as a diminutive of jock (athletic man).
In Spanish the use of this word is admitted as an Anglicism although purists recommend using the equivalent of jockey in Spanish.
Usually the Jockeys are not employees, but are chosen by the trainers and horse owners for a salary plus an extra amount for victory. At the same time, in the races, the colors of the horse stable stand out.
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